4 edition of The ability to structure acoustic material as a measure of musical aptitude (Research bulletin - Institute of education, University of Helsinki) found in the catalog.
The ability to structure acoustic material as a measure of musical aptitude (Research bulletin - Institute of education, University of Helsinki)
by Institute of Education, University of Helsinki
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
Musical ability predicted L2 phonological ability (both receptive and productive) even when controlling for other factors, but did not explain unique variance in L2 syntax or lexical knowledge. These results suggest that musical skills may facilitate the acquisition of L2 sound structure and add to a growing body of evidence linking language. A special aptitude test that assesses for musical ability O*NET *Replaced the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT); A comprehensive, free online,interactive database developed by the US Department of Labor to identify and describe important information about occupations, worker characteristics, work skills and training requirements.
tion and building. The structure of the course, the primary pedagogical objectives, the facilities, and examples of ﬁnal projects realized by the students are discussed. 1. INTRODUCTION ENAS/MUSI Musical Acoustics & Instrument Design is an exploration of the acoustic principles of musical instru-ments using a highly interactive hands-on. Music psychology, or the psychology of music, may be regarded as a branch of both psychology and aims to explain and understand musical behaviour and experience, including the processes through which music is perceived, created, responded to, and incorporated into everyday life. Modern music psychology is primarily empirical; its knowledge tends to advance .
Sound Transmission Class, which is discussed below, is the measurement of a material's ability to block sound. Sound can also be covered to help maintain speech privacy. This is most noticeable in an office environment when the forced air system is turned off - you can immediately hear more conversations from a greater distance. Whether people are enjoying a performance from the comfort of a well-designed and enclosed auditorium or they are sitting in an outdoor theater, their ability to hear what is going on will only be as good as the quality of the architectural acoustics and the ability to transmit sound waves in the building or structure.
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This report offers some general principles which are helpful for designing and constructing a test for measuring musical aptitude of persons from various age. This report is the second part of a study designed to construct a test for measuring musical aptitude of persons from various age groups.
It covers the. The structuralist tradition in music psychology, which maintains that most of the meaning in music is its structure, stresses the following properties in any test of musical aptitude: (1) the test must measure the ability to conceive groups of relations; (2) the relations must be objective; (3) the relations must be relatively general; and (4) the items must be constructed so that there are substructures Cited by: 2.
ISSN: ISSNX. The Ability to Structure Acoustic Material as a Measure of Musical Aptitude: 5, Summary and Conclusions. Research Bulletin. Karma, Kai. This report summarizes a series of studies on the ability to structure acoustic material as a measure of musical aptitude. It is divided into two by: 1.
By defining musical aptitude as the ability to conceive the structure of acoustic material, and by placing that definition within a model representing the areas of important variable correlation with musical comprehension--areas of sensory discrimination, musical aptitude and some correlated factors, and personality--a basis for a culture-free test of aptitude was by: 4.
Four new versions of an acoustic structuring test were developed, administered, and analyzed in order to produce better tests and to contribute to better understanding of the abilities measured by these tests. The tests consist of tape recordings of patterns of musical notes played on an electric organ or an acoustic guitar.
Item analyses and factor analyses were used in the. It covers the construction of the test, material, item analysis, reliability, validity, and possible future steps.
The test is composed of musical recordings, determined from pilot studies, that the test groups analyzed for acoustical structure. Three versions of the test were developed to raise its reliability.
Karma K () The ability to structure acoustic material as a measure of musical aptitude. Background theory and pilot studies (Research Bulletin No. 52). Helsinki, Finland: Institute of Education, University of Helsinki.
The relationship between musical talent, especially the ability to compose and/or improvise, and visual-spatial ability was investi- gated. Subjects were 60 boys and 60 girls from 9 to 14 years of age. Three groups of 40 were compared: (1) Children with musical talent and the ability to compose and/or improvise.
A smooth, dense plaster wall is an almost perfect sound reflector. A thin layer of wallcovering applied to a sound-reflective wall will significantly reduce the amount of sound reflected. Open-weave fabric applied directly to a wall will increase sound. Indeed Slevc and Miyake () have shown that musical aptitude is a rather good predictor of both receptive and productive phonological abilities in second language learning.
In this study, we took the challenge of focusing on a rather high cognitive function: word segmentation, namely, the ability to extract words from continuous speech. This supports the validity of the test as a measure of auditory structuring rather than sensory differentiation In contrast, the SP and ST subtests consist of pair-wise comparisons of the physical properties of sound and are used to measure simple sensory capacities, such as ability to detect small differences in tone pitch or length.
The ability to structure acoustic material as a measure of musical aptitude. 2, Test construction and results / Helsinki: University of Helsinki, Institute of Education, Lotti, Tuula. Musikaalisuus ja musiikkiopinnot: jäljittelyyn perustuva musikaalisuuden arviointi musiikkikoulun pääsykokeena ja opintomenestyksen ennustajana.
Acoustic material play a vital role in the various area of building construction. In studio, class room, reading hall, cinema theatre, more concentration is required to listen, hence the acoustics treatment is provided so as to control the outside as well as inside sound of the various building until such that sound will be audiable without any.
Some previous research has examined the extent to which measures of musical ability are loaded on the g factor. For example, Lynn, Wilson, and Gault () found positive correlations between musical ability and general intelligence ranging from to in a sample of year-olds, suggesting that musical ability is not independent of g.
Explicit and implicit aptitude effects on second language speech learning: Scrutinizing segmental and suprasegmental sensitivity and performance via behavioural and neurophysiological measures - Volume 22 Issue 5 - KAZUYA SAITO, HUI SUN, ADAM TIERNEY. Recent evidence shows that musical aptitude positively influences language acquisition processes.
The underlying mechanisms of why and how musical talent heightens one’s ability to detect, imitate and memorize foreign languages, however, have not yet been fully understood. We set out to test vocalists’ ability to imitate speech.
Findings indicated that singing capacity is a. acoustic waves in structural materials and fluid media is a structure’s ability to resist shear deformation. This shear stiffness allows pure shear waves to propagate through a structure, with the structure deforming in its transverse direction as the wave propagates in the axial direction (see Fig.
2 below). Shear wave behavior is governed. The musical aptitude was assessed using three music tests: the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test, KMT) designed by one of the authors and Carl Seashore's pitch and time discrimination subtests (SP and ST respectively) as described in detail by Pulli et al.
The test scores were shown to be heritable. Skills: singing, whistling, playing musical instruments, recognizing tonal patterns, composing music, remembering melodies, understanding the structure and rhythm of music.
Visual-Spatial. Ability to perceive the visual. These learners tend to think in pictures and need to create vivid mental images to retain information. Any source of noise has a characteristic sound power, a basic measure of its acoustic output. Sound power on the other hand is a fundamental physical property of the source alone, and is therefore an important absolute parameter which is widely used for rating and comparing sound sources.
The sound power, W, is defined as the average rate of.As the transmission of sound is dependent upon setting up vibration within the structure increasing the mass reduces the ability of the structure to move.
As a general rule of thumb doubling the mass will give a 5dB reduction in the sound transmitted. Additional Layers: Increasing mass is only practicable to a certain degree.
Interplay between Musical Aptitude and Second Language Pronunciation Skills: An Empirical Endeavor. The relationship between musical aptitude and linguistic abilities, particularly in terms of second language pronunciation skills and phoneme discrimination skills, was examined in a large project (Milovanov et al., ; Milovanov, ).